Sharing Business Broadband
Even smaller businesses can have high performance dedicated Internet
access by splitting the cost of a T1 line with other businesses
in their building or business park.
Channelized and Unchannelized
A T1 line may be configured as a single large pipe offering 1.5
Mbps data transport or as 24 individual channels of 64 Kbps each,
ideal for use as individual outside telephone lines to support
Key or PBX business telephone systems.
Channelized T1 vs ISDN PRI
T1 lines can support two protocols of switched circuit telephony.
Channelized T1 lines offer 24 phone lines using in-band signaling.
ISDN PRI, or Primary Rate Interface, offers 23 phone lines and
common channel signaling that can include data such as ANI Automatic
Number Identification or Caller ID.
T1 Lines are Full Duplex
T1 lines are bidirectional or full duplex. That means that you
can independently upload and download data at up to the full line
rate of 1.5 Mbps simultaneously. LANs that use switched Ethernet
are also full duplex, but LANs that use hubs operate at half-duplex.
A half-duplex network cannot transmit and receive at the same
time, cutting effective bandwidth by up to half.
How do T1 and DS1 differ?
In general conversation, T1 and DS1 refer to the same thing. But
strictly speaking, T1 refers to a physical line circuit consisting
of 2 pair of copper wires with strict line signal specifications.
DS1 stands for Digital Signal level 1. DS1 is the service level
you get on a T1 line. However, DS1 also is part of the digital
signal hierarchy used in T3 lines and SONET fiber optic carriers.